Submission of Manuscripts


All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website:

First-time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory.
Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their username and password. Authors do not have to pay for the submission of articles.
If you experience any problems, please contact the editorial office by
The submitted manuscripts that are not as per the “Instructions for Authors” would be returned to the authors for technical correction before they undergo editorial/ peer-review. Generally, the manuscript should be submitted in the form of several separate files:

1. Font:
Times New Roman; 14 points font size (bold) title, 12 (bold) for subheadings, 12 for the manuscript body and 10 for other parts of the manuscript.

2. Title page:
This file should provide
1. The title of the manuscript, names of all authors/ contributors and name(s) of the department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited.
All information that can reveal your identity should be here. Use text/rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files.
2. The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references, tables figure legend, and abstract).
3. Acknowledgment, if any. One or more statements should specify

1) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair;

2) acknowledgments of technical help; and

3) acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be included on the title page of the manuscript and not in the main article file.
4. The name, address, e-mail, Fax and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs, if that information is not included in the manuscript itself.

3. Cover letter:
This letter should be uploaded online as a word file. The author should state that the manuscript has not been and will not be published or submitted elsewhere. The financial disclosure should be declared. The letter must include a statement declaring that the study complies with current ethical considerations. The cover letter must also contain an "Agreement of submitting the manuscript by the corresponding author" statement, a signed form by the first 3 authors of the manuscript stating that the corresponding author has the right to communicate on their behalf in all correspondences regarding the submitted manuscript.

4. Blinded Article file:
The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract to References (including tables) should be in this file. The file must not contain any mention of the authors’ names or initials or the institution at which the study was done or acknowledgments. Page headers/running title can include the title but not the authors’ names.
Manuscripts not in compliance with the Journal’s blinding policy will be returned to the corresponding author. Use rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files. Limit the file size to 1 MB. Do not incorporate images in the file. If the file size is large, graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating them in the article file to reduce the size of the file. The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of the blinded article file.
5. Images:
Submit high-quality color images. Each image should be less than 4 MB in size. The size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1600_ 1200 pixels or 5–6 inches). Images can be submitted as JPEG files. Do not zip the files. Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.

6. The contributors' / copyright transfer form:
The copyright transfer form has to be submitted in original with the signatures of all the contributors within two weeks of submission via courier or email as a scanned image. Print-ready hard copies of the images (one set) or digital images (only for Oversea authors) should be sent to the journal office at the time of submitting a revised manuscript. High-resolution images (up to 5 MB each) can be sent by email. Contributors’ form/ copyright transfer form can be submitted online from the authors’area on.

Preparation of Manuscripts
The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Science Era are summarized below.
Before submitting a manuscript, contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal (

Copies of Any Permission(s)
It is the responsibility of authors/contributors to obtain permissions for reproducing any copyrighted material. A copy of the permission obtained must accompany the manuscript. Copies of any and all published articles or other manuscripts in preparation or submitted elsewhere that are related to the manuscript must also accompany the manuscript.


Types of Manuscripts
1. Original Articles:
The text of original articles amounting to up to 4500 words (excluding Abstract, References, and Tables) should be divided into sections with the headings Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, Conflict of Interest, References, Tables, and Figure legends.

Abstract: The original articles must have an unstructured abstract. The total words count of abstract is no more than 300 words.

Introduction: State the purpose and summarize the rationale for the study or observation.

Materials and Methods: It should include and describe the following aspects:
Study design:
Technical information: Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results.
Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.
Statistical Analysis: Whenever possible quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as 'random' (which implies a randomizing device), 'normal,' 'significant,' 'correlations,' and 'sample.' Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. Use upper italics (P=0.048). For all P values include the exact value and not less than 0.05 or 0.001. Mean differences in continuous variables, proportions in categorical variables and relative risks including odds ratios and hazard ratios should be accompanied by their confidence intervals.

Results: Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Extra- or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where it will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text; alternatively, it can be published only in the electronic version of the journal.
When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them.
Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by variables such as age and sex should be included.

Discussion: Include summary of key findings (primary outcome measures, secondary outcome measures, results as they relate to a prior hypothesis); Strengths and limitations of the study (study question, study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation); Interpretation and implications in the context of the totality of evidence (is there a systematic review to refer to, if not, could one be reasonably done here and now?, what this study adds to the available evidence); Controversies raised by this study; and Future research directions (for this particular research collaboration, underlying mechanisms).

Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section.
In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed.
New hypotheses may be stated if needed; however, they should be clearly labeled as such. About 100 references can be included.

2. Review Articles:
It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. The prescribed word count is up to 7000 words excluding Tables, References, and Abstract. The manuscript may have about 150 References. The manuscript should have an unstructured Abstract (300 words) representing an accurate summary of the article. The section titles would depend on the topic reviewed. Authors submitting a review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data.

Format of Reference
All references in the text must be numbered consecutively, place each citation immediately after the term or phrase and usually before the period; they should appear like the following: [1, 2, 5, 6] or [7-9].
Listing references, follow abbreviate names of journals according to the journal list in PubMed.
Citations in the reference list should contain named authors up to 6; if more than 6, list the first 6 authors followed by “et al.”. Some examples of the journal's reference style are shown below. Please carefully follow the reference style precisely:

• Montgomery, D. C. (2012). Introduction to statistical quality control (7th ed.). New York: Wiley.
Book chapter
• Slack, B. (2007). The terminalisation of seaports. In J. Wang, D. Olivier, T. Notteboom, & B. Slack (Eds.), Ports, cities, and global supply chains (pp. 41–50). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
Journal article
• Badami, M. G., & Haider, M. (2007). An analysis of public bus transit performance in Indian cities. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(10), 961–981.
Conference proceedings
• Saraiji, R., Harb, A., & Hamdan, M. O. (2011). Performance of LED street lights in hot environments. In K. Domke & C. A. Brebbia (Eds.), Light in engineering, architecture, and environment (pp. 147-158). Southampton, United Kingdom: WIT Press.

• Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2004, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI.
Thesis or dissertation
• Suwetwattanakul, C. (2010). Developing a knowledge-sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.
Internet documents
• SAS Institute Inc. (2004). SAS/STAT® 9.1 user’s guide. SAS Publishing. Cary, NC, U.S. 5136 p. Retrieved from
Non-book and other formats
• Sidra Intersections. (2008). User guide-introduction. Akcelik & Associates Pty Ltd.
• European Committee for Standardization. (2005). Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-9: Fatigue (EN 1993-1-9). Retrieved from

• International Organization for Standardization. (1998). Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Instruments for measuring physical quantities (ISO 7726:1998). Geneva, Switzerland: Author.
• European Parliament, & Council of the European Union. (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. Retrieved from
Data sets in repositories
• Brembilla, E., Chi-Pool, D., Hopfe, C., & Mardaljevic, J. (2017). Inter-model comparison of five climate-based daylight modelling techniques: redirecting glazing/shading systems – input and output data. Figshare.

Unpublished work accepted for publication but not yet released should be included in the reference list with the words “in press” in parentheses beside the name of the journal concerned. References must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.
Personal communications or manuscripts either “in preparation” or “submitted for publication” are unacceptable as a reference.

Note: You can download the Science Era Publication Endnote style which available in

Format of Tables
Include a title for each table (no longer than 15 words) in a single file.
-Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.
-Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.
-Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes.
-For footnotes use the following symbols: *, †, ‡, §, ||,¶, **, ††, ‡‡-
-Tables with their legends should be provided at the end of the text after the references. The tables along with their number should be cited at the relevant place in the text
-Submit tables in a word processing—not an imaging—format.
- Identify statistical measures of variations, such as SD or SE. Do not merely repeat information in the text.
-All P values should be reported as exact numbers to 2 digits past the decimal point, regardless of significance, unless they are lower than 0.01, in which case they should be presented to 3 digits. Express any P values lower than 0.001 as P<.001. P values can never equal 0 or 1.
-Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provided a credit line in the footnote.

Format of Illustrations (Figures)
-Upload the images in JPEG format. The file size should be within 1024kb in size while uploading.
-Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
-Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size. The lettering for figures should be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit the width of a printed column.
-Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should be marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen.
-Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.
-When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.
-The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.
-If photographs of individuals are used, their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
-If a figure has been published elsewhere, acknowledge the source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material.
A credit line should appear in the legend for such figures.
-Legends for illustrations: Type or print out legends (maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line) for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one in the legend. Explain the internal scale (magnification) and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
-Final figures for print production: Send sharp, glossy, un-mounted, color photographic prints, with a height of 4 inches and width of 6 inches at the time of submitting the revised manuscript. Print outs of digital photographs are not acceptable. If digital images are the only source of images, ensure that the image has a minimum resolution of 300 dpi or 1800 x 1600 pixels in TIFF format. Send the images on a CD. Each figure should have a label pasted (avoid the use of liquid gum for pasting) on its back indicating the number of the figure, the running title, top of the figure and the legends of the figure. Do not write the contributor/s' name/s. Do not write on the back of figures, scratch, or mark them by using paper clips.
-The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.
Sending a revised manuscript
The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a manner similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. However, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file while submitting a revised version. When submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include, the ‘referees’ remarks along with point to point clarification at the beginning in the revised file itself. Also, they are expected to mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.

Covering letter
· Signed by all contributors
· Previous publication /presentations mentioned
· Source of funding mentioned
· Conflicts of interest disclosed

· Last name and given name provided along with Middle name initials (where applicable)
· Author for correspondence, with the e-mail address provided
· Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
· Identity not revealed in the paper except the title page (e.g. name of the institute in Methods, citing previous study as 'our study,' names on figure labels, name of the institute in photographs, etc.)

Presentation and Format
· Double spacing
· Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides
· Page numbers included at bottom
· Title page contains all the desired information
· Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript
· Abstract provided (structured abstract of 300 words for original articles and review articles (unstructured)
. Keywords provided (three or no more than 7 words) Introduction should be short and arresting
. State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references
· The references cited in the text should be before punctuation marks
· References according to the journal’s instructions, punctuation marks checked
· Send the article file without ‘Track Changes.'

Language and Grammar
· Uniformly American English
· Write the full term for each abbreviation at its first use in the title, abstract, keywords, and text separately unless it is a standard unit of measure. Numerals from 1 to 10 spelled out
· Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelled out
· Check the manuscript for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors
· If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country).
· Species names should be in italics

Tables and Figures
· No repetition of data in tables, graphs, and main text
· Actual numbers from which graphs were drawn, provided
· Figures necessary and of good quality (color)
· Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman)
· Labels pasted on back of the photographs (no names written)
· Figure legends provided (not more than 40 words)
· Patients' privacy maintained (if not permission was taken)
· Credit note for borrowed figures/tables provided
· Write the full term for each abbreviation used in the table as a footnote

Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
1. As a part of the submission process, authors are required to check their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and the author's guidelines and submissions that do not adhere to these guidelines will be returned to the authors. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it submitted before in another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word (doc or docx) including Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Manuscript body, Acknowledgments, Conflicts of Interest, Tables, and Figures. Tables, Figures, and Graphs will also be submitted as supplementary files.
3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
4. The authors’ full contribution to the article and declaration that the authors mentioned in the manuscript are the only contributors.
5. Due to the costs for the scientific editing of each paper (including language, technical, and copy editing) which are paid by the journal, authors are not permitted to withdraw the paper after it passes the peer review process and goes to the editing process unless they admit paying the costs which will be informed by the editor in that time.
6. Authors should introduce at least two potential reviewers to the editor of their paper by email or write in the "comments" section to hasten the review process.